cannot succeed if they have no guiding lights, no immediate objectives. That is what we
find lacking in the July revolution. Although it had the strength, the CNT did not know
how to mould and shape the activity that arose spontaneously in the street. The very
leadership was startled by events which were, as far as they were concemed, totally
had no idea which course of action to pursue. There was no theory. Year after year we had
spent speculating around abstractions. What is to be done? The leaders were asking
themselves then. And they allowed the revolution to be lost.
exalted moments leave no time for hesitancy. Rather, one must know where one is headed.
This is precisely the vacuum we seek to fill, since we feel that what happened in July and
May must never happen again.
are introducing a slight variation in anarchism into our programme. The establishment of a
we see it, the revolution needs organisms to oversee it, and repress, in an organised
sense, hostile sectors. As current events have shown such sectors do not accept oblivion
unless they are crushed.
may be anarchist comrades who feel certain ideological misgivings, but the lesson of
experience is enough to induce us to stop pussy-foofing.
we want a repetition of what is happening with the present revolution, we must proceed
with the utmost energy against those who are not identified with the working class.
this brief preamble, we shall now proceed to set out the items of our programme.
of a Revolutionary Junta or National Defence Council.
body will be organised as follows: members of the revolutionary Junta will be elected by
democratic vote in the union organisations. Account is to be taken of the number of
comrades away at the front; these comrades must have the right to representation. The
Junta will steer clear of economic affairs, which are the exclusive preserve of the
functions of the revolutionary Junta are as follows:
a. The management of the war
b. The supervision of revolutionary order
c. Intemational affairs
to come up regularly for re-allocation so as to prevent anyone growing attached to them.
And the trade union assemblies will exercise control ovar the Junta’s activities.
- All economic power to the syndicates.
July the unions have supplied evidence of the great capacity for constructive labour. Had
we not relegated them to a secondary position, they would have yielded a great retum on
the investment. It will be the unions that structure the proletarian economy.
Economic Council may also be set up, taking into consideration the natures of the
Industrial Unions and Industrial federations, to improve on the co-ordination of economic
- Free municipality.
to the coming of the foreign dynasties, municipal rights were defended with great tenacity
in Spain. Such decentralisation precluded the erection of a new State system. And in this
new Spain which the proletariat looks forward to, the charter of freedoms that went under
at Villalar shall rise again. And the so-called Catalan and Basque problems ... will be
Municipality shall take charge of those functions of society that fall outside the
preserve of the unions. And since the society we are going to build shall be composed
exclusively of producers, it will be the unions, no less, that will provide sustenance for
the municipalities. And, as there is no disparity of interests, there can be no conflict.
Municipalities will be organised at the level of local, comarcal and peninsula
federations. Unions and municipalities will maintain liaison at local, comarcal and